After playing a tight game of softball or basketball, you suddenly feel orbital eye pain, and you don’t know where it came from. You suddenly realize that you may have been hit in the eye by a ball or an opponent’s elbow during the game. You look in the mirror and you see red along with the discomfort. Let us discover everything about orbital eye pain, what happens after a trauma, and the possibility that it can lead to fracture. You can also browse more online if you want to know more about eye conditions and solutions.
The orbital eye anatomy
Our eye region is where we can find the eye socket that holds the eyes, glands, blood vessels, and nerves that are attached to our eyeball. This area is protected and surrounded by seven bones that make up the orbit. An injury or blow in the face may affect this area and fracture the tiny bones that cup or eyes, causing orbital eye pain, and even vision loss. In fact, patients with orbital eye pain caused by fractures also experienced vision problems, even vision loss.
Types of orbital eye fracture
Orbital rim fractures. If you are in a car accident and a blunt object hit your eye, like the steering wheel, this fracture may be the one that you may experience. It is also called a tripod fracture because it usually affects three parts of the eyecup or sockets.
Blowout fractures. This fracture makes the bones break into many little pieces due to a strong hit to the eye. This can be compared to a comminuted fracture of the long bones, where the bones break into tiny parts due to the pressure presented by the blow.
Trapdoor fracture. This may be called a fracture, but actually, no bones are broken in this scenario. It happens when a hit makes the eye socket move outward and come back again, thus the name trapdoor. This usually happens in children with their still soft and flexible bones. Although no bones are fractured, this accident can still be considered serious because of the orbital eye pain and nerve damage that it can cause.
Symptoms of orbital eye fracture
If you think you have orbital eye fracture, here are some symptoms you need to look for:
- Vision changes (blurry or double vision)
- Eyelid or eye area swelling
- Orbital eye pain or bleeding and hematoma
- Dizziness, nausea, and vomiting
- Drooping of eyelids, sometimes having sunken or bulging eyes
- Pain when moving the eyes to see a different direction
Diagnosis and treatment of orbital eye pain and fracture
To make sure that you really are stricken of an orbital eye fracture or if it just a trauma, an X-ray or CT scan of the head may be performed. These tests visualize the head components and would show details about your eye area. An ophthalmologist may also assess your eye function and rule out any nerve damage that may need immediate attention and treatment.
As opposed to many bone fractures in the body, eye fractures do not necessarily need surgery. Because the bones are really small and other nerves and blood vessels may be compromised during a complicated surgery, the doctor can determine if it can heal on its own and observation and monitoring will be enough.